Nasal Congestion

What is Nasal Congestion?

Nasal congestion (stuffy nose) is the result of the nasal tissues and blood vessels becoming swollen with excess fluid. This swelling causes the “stuffy” feeling in the nasal passages. There are dozens of causes of nasal congestion, including colds, allergies, dust and pollen exposure or pet dander.

What are the side effects of nasal congestion?

Nasal congestion is mostly just uncomfortable for older children and adults but can have a significant health effect on infants. Infants who suffer from nasal congestion have extreme difficulty in breathing normally as well as nursing from their mothers or drinking from bottle. Nasal congestion can be a sign of a more significant problem affecting the sinuses and the nasal pathways, it is recommended to, see a physician if:

  • Symptoms last more than 10 days;
  • Fever lasts more than 3 days;
  • Nasal discharge is green in color and is accompanied by fever or pain;
  • Blood in the nasal discharge.
  • Call your child’s pediatrician if:
  • The child is younger than 2 months and running a fever;
  • The infant cannot breathe or nurse due to nasal congestion.

How can the discomfort of nasal congestion be treated at home?

  • Sniffing and swallowing or gentle blowing of the nose;
  • Taking an over-the-counter antihistamine;
  • Using saline nasal sprays;
  • Using a humidifier;
  • For children, using a soft suction bulb to gently clear the nose.

When necessary who is qualified to treat nasal congestion?

A specialized professional, preferably an otolaryngologist with extensive sinus experience, is necessary to evaluate and diagnose the causes of nasal congestion, which can lead to chronic or acute sinusitis. The sinus-specialty otolaryngologists of The Sinus Institute at CEI have over 35 years years of experience treating sinusitis in all of its forms using both medical treatments and cutting edge surgery options. Click here to make an appointment.